Something that exists in fact but not as a matter of law. No contestoften rendered in latin as nolo contendere essentially the same. In past centuries, latin played the role of a common legal language, which was applied across the bound. Often used in reference to contracts, ab initio means a court decision is. One who is an accessory to the crime cannot be guilty of a more serious crime than the principal offender actus reus. The direct translation of this term is by itself and it means just that when. Many lawyers are now adopting a plain english style. A guilty act the prohibited conduct or behaviour that the law seeks to prevent. As knowledge of latin continues to diminish, the constant use of this language in cases, textbooks, treaties and scholarly works baffles law students, practitioners, and scholars alike. The latin term, apparently a variant on maxima, is not to be found in roman law with any meaning exactly analogous to that of a legal maxim in the medieval or modern sense of the word, but the treatises of many of the roman jurists on regular definitiones, and. Guide to latin in international law oxford reference. A number of latin terms are used in legal terminology and legal maxims. Learning the language of the law is similar in some ways to learning a new. Actus reus is the act of the crime, though it also considers deliberate intent.
Latin, in particular, has been extremely influential not only on the romance languages, such as french, spanish, and italian, but also on todays english. As a legal term, however, the word allege is used to describe the action of formally. It simply designates something that resembles something else but doesnt quite have all the same features. Although commonly referred to as the guilty act this is rather simplistic, as the. Most of the latin terms commonly used by international lawyers are not included in some of the more popular law dictionaries. Vlegal latin phrases and maximsa legal maxim is an established principle or proposition. But there are still legal phrases that baffle nonlawyers. Glossary of legal latin a fortiori from stronger argument used to express a conclusion for which there is stronger evidence than for a previously accepted one ab initio from the beginning if a contract is void say for mistake ab initio, this has the consequence that no innocent third parties can acquire rights under any subsequent contract bell v lever bros 1932 ac 161 hl.
Pdf meaning of latin legal words faysal mustafa academia. International law, which concerns the way in which states behave towards one another, has a primarily regulatory function for the purpose of facilitating international cooperation and giving it a predictable pattern on the basis of binding rules. Latin legal terms can seem like a language outside of your everyday use, but you may be surprised at how many you already know. Mustlearn terms if you dont know these latin terms, get to learning them asap, as they are commonly used in speaking and writing and may be hard to avoid. For the sake of exempli gratia usually abbreviated e. Glossary of legal latin documents free download pdf. In latin, this word means as if or as though and in english it is used as both an adjective in its own right and as a part of a compound word. Our definition list of latin law terms gives meanings for the most common latin terms used in law. List of latin legal terms jump to navigation jump to search. Criminal justice professionals throw around latin legal terms willynilly, but.1618 100 709 380 1048 1625 522 794 1627 1392 701 580 1105 123 787 1351 546 957 1472 1120 232 62 578 499 154 113 439 1187 382 477 927 643 974 191