Seed germination percentage and germination rate with dormancy breaking treatments for capparis spinosa l. The poor caper seed propagation is due to the weak germination capacity and to the hard. Capparis created and described by carolus linnaeus in his book. Capparis spinosa, simply known as caper, yields fruit caper berries and more importantly flower buds, which are widely. In fact, it is usually propagated by seed, but its percentage of germination is. Plants in the sahara desert of tunisia belong to diverse taxonomic groups and offer a unique opportunity to investigate morphological and. Capparis spinosa seeds used for production and restoration seedling in some protected area and rodat. Dormancy breaking treatments temperature germination percentage germination rate control t20 23. Capparis is a flowering plant genus in the family capparaceae which is included in the brassicaceae in the unrevised apg ii system. Caperbushes are mainly used by humans for their fruit, which are rich in micronutrients. Propagation and medicinal uses article pdf available in life science journal 94.
The germination performance of caper seeds is poor due to a high dormancy and a low longevity. Effective methods to improvement capparis spinosa l. The record derives from tica data supplied on 20120211 which reports it as an accepted name record e6527f92c9b2407aa189dab162e4d0. Caper bush capparis spinosa the caper bush, also called flinders rose, is a perennial, flowering plant that bears rounded, fleshy leaves and large white to pinkishwhite flowers. We translated and digitized a huge data set on seed dormancy and germination from the reference book on dormant seed germination by m. The caper bush is an attractive plant that tolerates bad soil and dry conditions, in short perfect for the front slope of our little. In order to study the effects of dormancybreaking treatments on germination in caper capparis spinosa l. Capparis spinosa, the caper bush, also called flinders rose, is a perennial plant that bears rounded, fleshy leaves and large white to pinkishwhite flowers the plant is best known for the edible flower buds capers, often used as a seasoning, and the fruit caper berries, both of which are usually consumed pickled. Pdf effective methods to improvement capparis spinosa l. This study was conducted to study the effect of seed dormancy breaking on seed germination of caper capparis spinosa l. Capparis created and described by carolus linnaeus in his book species. Capparis spinosa, the caper bush, also called flinders rose, is a perennial plant that bears. Different dormancy breaking pretreatments were assessed in order to improve germination of caper capparis spinosa l. Seed dormancy is a common phase of the plant life cycle.
Different dormancybreaking pretreatments were assessed in order to improve germination of caper capparis spinosa l. Capparidaceae is a perennial tropical and subtropical shrub. One new addition that were planting from seed is capparis spinosa, commonly known as capers. Old, stored seeds enter a state of dormancy and require cold stratification to. When seedlings reach 3 5 inches in height, transplant to a 1gallon container filled with the same planting mix and ratio used for the seeds. These plants are shrubs or lianas and are collectively known as caper shrubs or caperbushes. This study to identify the best pretreatments to improve seed germination of capparis spinosa according to standard seeds germination protocols and seeds. Metabolic control of seed dormancy and germination. Caper seeds germination by breaking seed dormancy in qatar gene bank. A comparison of different propagation methods of common caper. Capparis species occur over a wide range of habitat in. Other species of capparis are also picked along with c.
Caper capparis spinosa has deep roots, a drought tolerant species, and produces a satisfactory. Methods of breaking seed dormancy in caper capparis spinosa l. Pretreatments have been done with old seed stored in standard gene bank conditions, and fresh collected seeds, this study carried out in genetic resources department, agricultural research department, ministry of environment. Original contribution improve germination of caper.
The effect of seed dormancy breaking methods on caper. Revelling in scorching, dry heat, this mediterranean gourmet delight will start to produce the flower buds which can be pickled or dry salted in its second year. Every year we make faux capers from nasturtium seed pods, but this year we thought we would start the real thing. Methods of breaking seed dormancy in caper capparis. Pdf seed germination of wild caper capparis spinosa l. Caper seeds are notoriously challenging to germinate from seed and can take up to 3 4 weeks to germinate, and typically in low percentages.991 1114 1115 402 1442 808 388 1227 1003 1447 201 394 350 141 616 1156 969 1422 1140 1417 961 692 920 518 976 63 1153 586 401 1232 1245 503 398 1439 1012 487 1411 577 1394 701 814 24 1447 389 833 809